Pollen Allergy

Pollen Allergy

Hypersensitivity type may be- Type I Allergy
Immune reactions may be from- IgE
Reactions may occur in- Minutes

Pollen is a fine powdery substance that is typically yellow, consisting of microscopic grains discharged from the male part of a flower or from a male cone on the plant.

A Pollen Allergy occurs when there is an immune response to pollen from grasses, flowers, weeds or trees. A Pollen Allergy commonly triggers Allergic Rhinitis (hay fever) and also may aggravate Asthma (for people with pre-existing conditions).

For people with a Pollen Allergy, it is not just in the air they may breathe, but also in the food they may consume and surfaces they may come in contact with.

A Pollen Allergy is an environmental allergy and can occur all year-round. However, it is also a seasonal allergy that can have a higher occurrence during certain seasons such as spring and summer.

A Pollen allergy can also have increased symptoms based on the type of pollen the person is allergic to and based on where they live.

There are 4 common types of Pollen that cause allergies:
  • Grass- Commonly active in summer
  • Birch- Commonly active in spring
  • Oak- Commonly active in spring
  • Ragweed- Commonly active in late spring and summer

Alder and Mugwort Pollen also cause Pollen allergies. 

Pollen allergies may also trigger Oral Allergy Syndrome (OAS) or Pollen Fruit Syndrome or Pollen Food Syndrome, especially in those that suffer from Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever). Click here to learn more about OAS


Some of the symptoms may be characterised by:

  • Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever)
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sinus pressure, which may cause facial pain
  • In a child, frequent upward rubbing of the nose
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Scratchy throat
  • Itchy ears, throat and roof of the mouth
  • Cough
  • Swelling beneath eyes
  • Decreased sense of taste or smell
  • Interrupted sleep
  • Irritable, itchy, watery and red eyes
  • Asthma aggravation

    The validity and severity of these symptoms are dependent on the individual and the level of exposure, as determined by a qualified health care provider.


    If you experience or are in the presence of someone that encounters an immediate serious reaction (this may include difficulty breathing, wheezing, throat tightening, swelling, collapse, etc), call or have someone call triple zero (000) immediately.

    In the case of a minor allergic reaction, people may use Antihistamines, Decongestants, along with other medications based on their individual symptoms and prescribed treatments.

    severe allergic reactions Epinephrine may be used, followed by seeking emergency medical attention. However, some people may not be able to use Epinephrine due to particular reasons.

    Provided through qualified healthcare providers, Immunotherapy or "desensitisation" is a treatment option conducted for Allergen-specific desensitisation. In some instances, it may make a person less allergic or more tolerant to the substance they are allergic to. Immunotherapy isn't a cure and usually doesn't make the symptoms disappear entirely, but it has been shown to reduce the symptoms. Speak to a qualified healthcare provider to learn more.

    It’s important for anyone with an Allergy, to discuss treatments with a qualified health care provider to understand how to manage individual allergies and also to set up an 
    Allergy Action Plan in the case of a reaction.

    Always present your Allergy Card, Medical Alert Bracelet or Necklace to ensure health care providers, family members, friends, colleagues and others are aware of your Allergy or Allergies.

    Click here to read about some steps to manage your Pollen Allergies


    A skin prick test or Specific IgE Blood test may be used to test for a Pollen Allergy.


    Some labels or terms you may come across on Pollen Allergy friendly products:

    "Hypoallergenic" "Pollen Remover" "Pollen Free" "Pollen Reducer"


    Pollen is edible. Bees, even Spiders and a lot of other insects eat pollen. Humans also collect Pollen to use it in food, such as the Korean dessert Dasik

    The information provided on Allergy Life Australia is to generally educate and inform you about living with allergies, intolerances and conditions, and is not intended as medical instruction or as a substitute for diagnosis, examination and advice by a qualified health care provider.



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